What Types of Compensation Can You Seek for Brain Injury Damages?

Brain Injury Damages

Brain injuries can be life-altering events with significant personal and financial implications. Victims often wonder, "What types of compensation can I seek for Brain Injury Damages?" 

The answer to this is largely dependent on the specific circumstances of the case, but generally, compensation falls into three broad categories: economic damages, non-economic damages, and punitive damages

Economic damages cover quantifiable financial losses, while non-economic damages compensate for subjective losses like pain and suffering. Punitive damages, though rarely awarded, serve as a form of punishment for particularly egregious or reckless behavior by the defendant.


The Range in Severity of Brain Injuries

Brain injuries can result in a broad range of physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral impacts that drastically alter an individual's life. Physically, these injuries can cause headaches, seizures, motor impairments, speech difficulties, or even lead to coma.

Cognitive impacts include problems with attention, memory, executive functions such as planning and organization, and the capacity to understand or express language. Emotional and behavioral changes can be equally challenging, leading to depression, anxiety, personality changes, aggression, and social inappropriateness.

The effects of brain injuries can be temporary or permanent, with recovery times varying widely depending on the severity of the injury, the area of the brain affected, and the individual's overall health. The consequences are not only limited to the injured individuals but extend to their families and communities, altering relationships and possibly leading to a loss of income or employment.

Access to early and ongoing therapeutic interventions–such as physical, occupational, speech, and psychological therapies–can significantly enhance recovery and adaptation. However, the costs associated with such long-term care can be substantial, underlining the importance of obtaining adequate compensation in cases where brain injuries result from another's negligence.


Treatment of Brain Injuries

Treatment for brain injuries depends on the severity of the injury, ranging from rest and over-the-counter pain relief for mild injuries to surgical interventions for more severe injuries.

Mild Brain Injuries 

Mild brain injuries, such as concussions, may require no specific treatment other than rest and over-the-counter pain relievers for headaches. However, it's crucial to monitor the patient for any persistent, worsening, or new symptoms. Regular follow-ups should be scheduled until all symptoms have resolved.

Moderate Brain Injuries 

Moderate brain injuries may necessitate hospitalization for close monitoring and treatment. Medications may be needed to limit secondary damage to the brain, aid recovery, and manage symptoms. These may include diuretics to reduce pressure inside the brain, anti-seizure drugs, and coma-inducing drugs in cases where the brain needs to heal.

Severe Brain Injuries

Severe injuries may require surgical interventions to prevent further damage. These could include removing clotted blood (hematomas), repairing skull fractures, opening a window in the skull to relieve pressure, or even creating a detailed computer map of the brain through rehabilitative therapy.

Terminal Brain Injuries 

For terminal or irreparable brain injuries, the treatment focus shifts to providing comfort and dignity to the patient, including palliative care, pain management, and emotional support for the patient and their family. The goal is to make the patient comfortable and support the family through an incredibly challenging time.

In all cases, rehabilitative therapies play a vital role in the recovery process, helping individuals relearn basic skills and adapt to any permanent disability caused by the injury. This may involve physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech and language therapy, and psychological support.

The path to recovery from a brain injury can be long and difficult, requiring the combined efforts of a multidisciplinary team and a range of treatments tailored to the individual's needs. For more detailed information about brain injury treatments, visit the Brain Injury Association of America's website. This valuable resource provides comprehensive information on treatments and resources for individuals living with brain injuries and their families.


Common Causes of Brain Injuries

Brain injuries leading to personal injury claims can result from a wide range of incidents. The primary causes include motor vehicle accidents, falls, physical assaults, and accidents involving bicycles or pedestrians. Workplace accidents, particularly in industries such as construction, manufacturing, or transportation, also cause a significant number of brain injuries. In some cases, brain injuries can be attributed to medical malpractice, such as surgical errors, misdiagnoses, or improper treatment.

Motor Vehicle Accidents 

Vehicle accidents are a leading cause of brain injuries. High-speed collisions can cause severe head trauma, even if the head does not strike an object. The force of impact can cause the brain to move within the skull, leading to bruising, bleeding, or tearing of brain tissue.


Falls are a common cause of brain injuries. Whether it's slipping on a wet floor, tripping over an uneven surface, or falling from a height, these accidents can lead to serious injuries, especially in older adults and young children.

Physical Assaults 

Attacks involving blunt force trauma to the head cause brain injuries. In such cases, a personal injury claim may be filed against the perpetrator.

Medical Malpractice

 Errors during surgery, failure to diagnose a condition like a brain tumor or aneurysm, or improper treatment can lead to brain injuries. In these cases, a medical malpractice claim may be brought against the healthcare provider or institution.


Brain Injury Damages Claim Example

A severe, permanent brain injury may occur when a construction worker is struck by a falling piece of equipment on a job site. Despite wearing a safety helmet, the worker sustains a severe traumatic brain injury that leaves him in a vegetative state, requiring round-the-clock medical care. The worker's family filed a workers’ compensation claim against the construction company. 

In such devastating cases, the injured party or their families seek compensation to cover medical expenses, lost wages, loss of future earnings, and other related costs. However, no amount of compensation can truly account for the emotional and physical toll of a severe, permanent brain injury.

For more information about severe brain injuries, their causes, and their effects, visit the Brain Injury Association of America website. This valuable resource offers detailed insights into the complex nature of severe brain injuries.

While a workers’ compensation claim provides economic relief to the family, it precludes some types of damages, such as pain and suffering. However, in a personal injury case, you can claim both economic and non-economic damages.


Damages Available in a Workers Compensation Claim

Personal injury cases, especially those involving brain injuries, can have severe financial, emotional, and physical impacts on the affected individuals. The law provides various avenues for victims to seek compensation, primarily divided into economic, non-economic, and in rare instances, punitive damages. 

Economic Damages

Economic damages refer to the monetary losses directly resulting from the brain injury. These are quantifiable expenses that the injured party has incurred or is likely to incur in the future due to the injury. They include:

  • Medical expenses
  • Lost Wages
  • Loss of earning capacity
  • Property damage

Medical Expenses

Medical expenses include all costs related to medical care, such as hospital stays, surgeries, medication, physical therapy, rehabilitation, and any necessary future medical treatment related to the injury.

Lost Wages

If the injury forced the victim to miss work, they could recover the income lost during that period.

Loss of Earning Capacity 

If the brain injury has resulted in long-term impairment that limits the individual's ability to work or reduces their future earning potential, they can seek compensation for this loss.

Property Damage

If the incident causing the brain injury also resulted in property damage (such as a car accident), the victim could seek compensation for the cost of repairing or replacing the damaged property.

Non-Economic Damages

Non-economic damages compensate for non-monetary losses, which are often subjective and vary significantly from case to case. In Pennsylvania, there's no cap on non-economic damages in personal injury cases, including those involving brain injuries. They include:

  • Pain and suffering
  • Loss of enjoyment of life
  • Emotional distress
  • Loss of consortium

Pain and Suffering 

Pain and suffering refers to the physical pain and emotional distress suffered due to the injury.

Loss of Enjoyment of Life 

If the injury affects the victim's ability to enjoy daily activities or hobbies, they can be compensated for this loss.

Emotional Distress 

Brain injuries can have significant psychological impacts, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression. Victims can seek compensation for these emotional and psychological traumas.

Loss of Consortium 

If the injury affects the victim's relationship with their spouse, compensation may be awarded for the loss of companionship and affection.

Punitive Damages

Punitive damages are not intended to make the victim whole but to punish the defendant for their egregious conduct and deter similar future behavior. In Pennsylvania, punitive damages are awarded in cases where the defendant's actions were outrageous, reckless, or showed a wanton disregard for the safety of others.

In brain injury cases, punitive damages might be applicable in situations involving intentional harm. For instance, if a plaintiff suffers a brain injury as a result of an assault, the court may award punitive damages to penalize the assailant. 

Likewise, if a corporation knowingly exposes individuals to harmful conditions leading to brain injuries, the court might consider punitive damages. It's essential to note that these are exceptional cases; punitive damages are not commonly awarded in personal injury claims.

The process of seeking compensation for brain injury damages can be overwhelming. Navigating the complexities of personal injury law while recovering from a traumatic event is no easy task. That's why it's crucial to have knowledgeable legal representation on your side. 

A seasoned attorney can help you understand what types of damages you may be entitled to and how to best present your case. The team at Mattiacci Law has a wealth of experience dealing with personal injury cases, including those involving brain injuries. They can guide you through the process and advocate fiercely on your behalf to ensure you get the compensation you deserve. 


Consult with a Philadelphia Personal Injury Lawyer

If you or a loved one has suffered a brain injury and you need help seeking compensation, Contact Mattiacci Law in Philadelphia today. They are ready and willing to help you navigate this challenging time.

Related Content: What Are Special Damages in Personal Injury Cases?

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